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2009年11月北京市学位英语考试真题试卷及答案解析(A卷)

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北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试(A)卷
Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Passage 1
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
According to a recent surv, ey, employees in many companies today work longer hours than employees did in 1979. They also take shorter vacations than employees in 1979. It seems that Americans are working harder today than ever before. Or are they? A management consultant, Bill Meyer, decided to find out. For three days, he observed an investment banker hard at work. Meyer wrote down everything the banker did during his long workday. At the end of the three-day period, Meyer reviewed the bankers activities with him. What did they find out? They discovered that the man spent 80 percent of his time doing unnecessary work. For example, he attended unnecessary meetings, made redundant (多余的) telephone calls, and spent time packing and unpacking his two big briefcases.
(76) Apparently many people believe that the more time a person spends at work, the more he or she accomplishes. When employers evaluate employees, they often consider the amount of time on the job in addition to job performance. Employees know this. Although many working people can do their job effectively during a regular 40-hour work week, they feel they have to spend more time on the job after normal working hours so that the people who can promote them see them.
A group of headhunters (猎头) were asked their opinion about a situation. They had a choice of two candidates for an executive position with an important company. The candidates had similar qualifications for the job. For example, they were both reliable. One could do the job well in a 40-hour work week. The other would do the same job in an 80-hour work week just as well. According to a headhunting expert, the 80-hour-a-week candidate would get the job. The time this candidate spends on the job may encourage other employees to spend more time at work, too. Employers believe that if the employees stay at work later, they may actually do more work.
However, the connection between time and productivity (生产率) is not always positive. (77) In fact. many studies indicate that after a certain point, anyones productivity and creativity begin to decrease. Some employees are not willing to spend so much extra, unproductive time at the office. Once they finish their work satisfactorily, they want to relax and enjoy themselves. For these people, the solution is to find a company that encourages people to do both.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Many people work long hours but do not always do a lot of work.
B. Most people can get more work done by working longer hours.
C. Most Americans work 80 hours a week, and some work even longer.
D. People can make more money by working longer hours.
2. The management consultant wanted to fmd out
A. how hard the investment banker worked during his work hours
B. when people spent time doing unnecessary work in their office
C. if people needed vacation after working hard for a certain period of time
D. whether Americans were really working harder than they had done before
3. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. The more time a person spends at work, the more he or she accomplishes.
B.Employers do not judge their employees job performance according to the
amount of working time.
C. Some people work more than 40 hours a week in the hope of getting promotion.
D. Allemployees are willing to spend extra time at work.
4. The 80-hour-a-week candidate would get the job because employers believe_____.
A. that he is more reliable
B. his example would lead other employees to work longer hours
C. he has better qualifications
D. he could encourage other employees to do a better job
5. The expression “to do both” in the last paragraph is_____.
A. to finish their work satisfactorily and relax and enjoy themselves
B. to pay attention to both performance and productivity
C. to work long hours and have short vacations
D. to relax and enjoy themselves quite frequently
Passage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
Many private institutions of higher education around the country are in danger. Not ail will be saved, and perhaps not all deserve to be saved. There are low-quaiity schools just as there are low-quality businesses. We have no obligation to save them simply because .they exist. But many thriving institutions that deserve to continue are threatened. They are doing a fine job educationally, but they are caught in a financial difficulty, with no way to reduce rising costs or increase revenues (收入) significantly. Raising fees doesnt bring in more revenue, for each time fees go up, the, enrollment (注册人数) goes down, or the mount that must be given away in student aid goes up. (78) Schools are bad businesses, whether rmblic or orivate, not usually because of bad management but because of the nature of the business. They lose money on every customer, and they can go bankrupt either from too few students or too many students. Even a very good college is a very bad business.
It is such colleges, thriving but threatened, that I worry about. Low enrollment is not their chief problem. Even with full enrollments, they may go under. Efforts to save them, and preferably to keep them private, are a national necessity. (79) There is no basis. for arguing that private schools are bound to be better than public schools. There are plentiful examples to the contrary. Anyone can name state universities and colleges that rank as the finest in the nation and the world. It is now inevitable that public institutions will be dominant, and therefore diversity (多样性) is a national necessity. Diversity in the way we support schools tends to give us a healthy diversity in the forms of education. In ah imperfect society such as ours, uniformity of education throughout the nation could be dangerous, ha an imperfect society, diversity is a positive good. Eager supporters of public higher education know the importance of keeping private higher education healthy.
6. In the passage, the author asks the public to support_____ .
A. private higher education in general
B. public higher education in general
C. high-quality private universities and colleges
D. high-quality state universities and colleges
7. According to the passage, schools are bad businesses because of_____.
A. the nature of school B. poor teachers
C) bad management D. too few students.
8. The phrase “go under” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.
A. have low fees B. get into difficulties
C. do a bad ]ob educationally D. have low teaching standards
9.Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A.There are many cases indicating that private schools are superior to public schools.
B. The author thinks diversity of education is preferable to uniformity of education.
C. A high-quality university is always a good business.
D. Each time fees are raised, the enrollment goes up.
10.In the authors opinion, the way that can save private schools lies in_____.
A. full enrollment B. raising fees
C. reducing student aid D. national support
Passage 3
Questions 11 to 15 are based onthe following passage:
The fourth-graders atChicagos McCormick Elementary School dont know Chinese is supposed to be hard to learn. For most, who speak Spanish at home, its becoming their third language. Theyve been heating and using Chinese words since nursery, and its natural to give a “ni hao”when strangers enter the classroom.“Its really fun!” says Miranda Lucas, taking a break from a lesson that includes a Chinese interview with Jackie Chan. “Im teaching my mom to speak Chinese.”
The classroom scene at McCormick is unusual, but it may soon be a common phenomenon in American schools, where Chinese is rapidly becoming the hot new language. Government officials have long wanted more focus on useful languages like Chinese, and pressure from them -- as well as from business leaders, politicians, and parents -- has produced a quick growth in the number of programs.
Chicago city officials make their best effort to include Chinese in their public schools. Their program has grown to include 3,000 students in 20 schools, with more schools on a waiting list. Programs have also spread to places like Los Angeles, New York City, and North Carolina. Supporters see knowledge of the Chinese language and culture as an advantagein a global economy where China is growing in importance. “This is an interesting way to begin to engage with the worlds next superpower,” says Michael Levine, director of education at the Asia Society, which has started five new public high schools that offer Chinese. “Globalization has already changed the arrangements in terms of how children today are going to think about their careers, The question is when, not whether, the schools are going to adjust.”
(80) The number of students leaming Chinese is tiny compared with how many study Spanish or French. But one report shows that before-college enrollment (报名人数) nearly quadrupled between 1992 and 2002, from 6,000 to 24,000. Despite the demand, though, developing programs isnt easy. And the No. one difficulty, everyone agrees, is having enough teachers. Finding teacher “is the challenge,” says Scott McGinnis, an academic adviser for a language institute and a Chinese teacher for 15 years at the college level. “Materials are easy comparison. Or getting schools funded.”
11. The best title for this passage might be_____.
A. Next Hot Language to Study: Chinese
B. Next Hot Language to Study: Spanish
C.Next Hot Language to Study: French
D. Chicago Is the Place to Learn Chinese
12. The most difficult thing to do is finding _____.
A. enough textbooks for the Chinese programs
B. enough money for the Chinese programs
C. enough teachers for the Chinese programs
D. enough students for the Chinese programs
13. We learn from the passage that_____.
A. Scott McGinnis has been a Chinese teacher for 15 years
B. Jackie Chan is a Chinese teacher at McCormick Elementary School
C. Chicago officials ire required to learn Chinese
D. Scott McGinnis is good at giving his opinions on everything
14. According to the passage, all the following statements are true EXCEPT_____.
A. the number of students learning Chinese is small
B. Chinese programs have found their way in several major Cities in the U.S.
C. g0vernment officials dont like the pressure from business
leaders and parents to start Chinese programs
D. China is becoming more and more influential in the world
15 The word "quadrupled" in the last paragraph is close in meaning to“multiplied by_____”.
A. three times B. four times
C. five times D. six times
Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)
Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the Corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
16. The driver was at______loss when______word came that he was
forbidden to drive for speeding.
A. a; /B. a; the C. the; the D./; /
17. My uncles house in the downtown area is much smaller than ours, but it is twice______expensive.
A. as B. so C. too D. very
18. This magazine is very ______with young people, who like its content and style.
A. familiar B. popular C. similar D. particular
19. The art show was ______ being a failure; it was a great success.
A. far from B. along with
C. second to D. regardless of
20. Health problems are closely connected with bad eating habits and a______of exercise.
A. limitB. lackC. needD. demand
21. In our daily life, everyone fails every now and then. It is how you
react that makes a_____.
A. development B. differenceC. progress D. point
22. The hotel was awful!___, our room was far too small. Then we found that the shower
didnt work.
A. To begin with B. After all
C. In reality D. As a whole
23. Dont worry if you cant understand everything. The teacher will
_____ the main points at the end.
A. recoverB. review
C. requireD. remember
24. It is reported that the police will soon look______the case of the two missing children.
A. upon B. afterC. intoD. out
25. One of the best ways for people to keep fit is to______healthy eating habits:
A. grow B. develop C. increase D. raise
26. The company is starting a new advertising campaign to new customers to its stores.
A. joinB. attract C. stickD. transfer
27. Over the past decades, sea ice in the Arctic(北极) as a result of global warming.
A. had decreased B. will decrease
C. has been decreasing D. is decreasing
28. ____ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog.
A. Being bittenB. Bitten
C. Having bitten D. To be bitten
29. He_____ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldnt be
enjoying himself by the seaside.
A. should B. must C. wouldntD. cant
30. Many children,_______parents are away working in big cities, are
taken good care of in the village.
A. their B. whose
C. of themD. with whom
31. If it_____tomorrow, we will stay indoors to have our training
class.
A. rains B. rain C. will rainD. rained
32. The college sports meet was __ till next week because of the
heavy rain.
A. put out B. put on C. put off D. put up
33. Lord Jim_____a private school five years ago with the money
he earned through hard work.
A. finds B. found C. founds D. founded
34. When Bob and his friends came, we____our supper then.
A. had B. were having
C. have D. are having
35. That big dictionary_____Tom two hundred dollars.
A. spent B. paidC. costD. took
36. It was in 2005 _____we began to introduce this new technique
into our company.
A. which B. thenC. when D. that
37. He____the maths examination if he had worked hard enough,
but he didnt.
A. would pass B. has passed
C. would have passed D. passed
38. Since it is already midnight, we______now.
A. had better leavingB. had better leave
C. had better to leave D. had better have left
39. Rabbits are quiet animals,_______they are able to make 20 different sounds.
A. how B. in spite of
C. because of D. even though
40. There are two rooms in the house, ____serves as a kitchen.
A. the smaller of which B. the smaller of that
C. the smallest of whichD. the smallest of that
41. I was so fired then that I fell______in class.
A. asleep B. sleep C. sleeping D. slept
42. I can only stay here for a while, but Ill come again in _____ days.
A. a few B. fewC. a little D. little
43. Given the choice between work and play, Tom would surely prefer the ____.
A. lateB. later C. latter D. last
44. He began to work for a big company _____ an early age.
A. on B. at C. of D. with
45. James doesnt like pop music, ____does his sister.
A. So B. AlsoC. Either D. Neither
Part III Identification (10%)
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
46. How an interesting role she played in the film! No wonder she has won an Oscar.
A B C D
47. The famous scientist, in his honor a dinner party will be held tonight, is to arrive soon.
A B C D
48. The old man was so angry and spoke so fast that none of his children understood that
A B C D
he meant.
49. The young man, to make several attempts to beat the world record in high jumping,
AB C
decided to have another try.
D
50. In the town was found many old people who badly needed money and care.
A BC D
51. As early as the 12th century boys in England enjoyed to play football.
A B C D
52. So absorbed she was in her work that she didnt realize it was time that she picked up her
A B C D
daughter.
53. In big cities there is an increasingly need for cheap apartments for the lower middle class.
A B C D
54. The price of meat was much more higher than expected.
ABC D
55. Joes father has died ten years ago, so he has lived with his mother since then.
A B C D
Part IV Cloze (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
There 56 a king who had twelve beautiful daughters. They 57 in twelve beds all in one room and when they went to bed, the 58 were shut and locked up. 59 , every morning 60 shoes were found to be quite worn through as if they had been danced in all night. Nobody could 61 how it happened, or 62 the princesses had been.
So the king made it 63 to all that if any person could discover the 64 and find out where it was that the princesses danced in the 65, he would have the 66 he liked best to take as his wife, and would be king 67 his death. But whoever tried and did not succeed, after three days and nights, would be 68 to death.
A prince from a nearby country soon came. He was well entertained, and in the evening was taken to the chamber (大房间) next 69 the one where the princesses lay in their twelve 70 . There he was to sit and 71 where they went to dance; and, in order 72 nothing could happen without him hearing it, the door of his 73 was left open. But the prince soon went to sleep; and when, he 74 in the morning he found that the princesses had all been dancing, 75 the soles of their shoes were full of holes.
56. A. was B. wereC. is D. are
57. A. did B. slept C. washed D. kicked
58. A. chairs B. desks C. doors D. roofs
59. A. So B. ThereforeC. Then D. However
60. A. their B. yourC. our D. her
61. A. make out B. take out C. find out D. speak out
62. A. whenB. whatC. why D. where
63. A. knowB. knowing C. knows D. known
64. A. storyB. secret C. newsD. idea
65. A. nightB. day C. afternoonD. morning
66. A. one B. it C. some D. that
67. A. before B. afterC. of D. below
68. A. madeB. passed C. put D. handed
69. A. by B. to C. at D. on
70. A. boxes B. buckets C. sofasD. beds
71. A. notice B. keepC. watch D. hit
72. A. thatB. which C. who D. whose
73. A. kitchen B. classroomC. chamber D. restaurant
74. A. ate B. awoke C. sleptD. ran
75. A. for B. so C. but D. though
Part V Translation (20%)
Section A
Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.
76. Apparently, many people believe that the more time a person spends at work, the more he or she accomplishes.
77. In fact, many studies indicate that after a certain point, anyones productivity and creativity begin to decrease.
78. Schools are bad businesses, whether public or private, not usually becauseof. bad management but because of the nature of the business.
79. There is no basis for arguing that private schools are bound to be better than public schools.
80. The number of students learning Chinese is tiny compared withn how many study Spanish or French..
SectionB
Directions:In this part there are five sentences in Chinese.You should translate them into English.Be sure to write clearly.
81.我们期待和你一起工作。
82.他一到上海就给我打了一个长途电话。
83.你知道会议开始的确切时间吗?
84.她将成功归因于努力工作。
85.村里的每个人都喜欢他,因为他对人很友好。
1~15 ADCBA CABBD ACACB
16~45 AABAB BABCB BCBBB A CDBC DCBDA AAC BD
46~55 AB DAB DBCCA
56~75 ABCDA CDDBA ABCBD CACBA
76显然,很多人认为一个人花在工作上的时间越多,他完成的工作就越多。
77事实上,许多研究结果表明在工作到一定程度后,任何人的生产力和创造力都会开始下降。
78学校经营不善,无论是公立学校还是私立学校,原因并不在于管理糟糕,而在于学校经营本身。
79 私立学校一定好于公立学校这一说法并无依据。
80 与学习西班牙语和法语的学生数量相比,学习中文的学生还很少。
81 We are looking forward to working with you.
82 He gave me a long-distance calls upon his arrival at Shanghai.
83 Do you know when exactly the meeting is to begin?
84 She owes her success to hard work. .

85 Everyone in the village liked him because he was very friendly people.



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